|—||Imam Shafi’i, Kitab al-Umm (v. 2, p. 554, no. 591-592)|
Qur’anic Gem: In the last four verses of Surah al Imran, each verse starts with ‘Rabbana’ (O our Lord) followed by a request, thus each verse is in fact a du’a. What is the result? Directly after these four verses Allah says ‘And their Lord responded to them …’
Persist in your du’a, knowing that Allah will respond to you.
— By Shaykh Ahmed Eesa al Ma’sarawi
The scholars have said, ‘None distressed makes this du’a except Allah grants him relief:
la ilaha illa anta subhanak, inne kuntu min adh dhalimeen
لا اله إلا أنت سبحانك إني كنت من الظالمين
“There is no deity worthy of worship but You! Glory be to You! Truly I have been one of the wrongdoers.” [Quran – 21: 87]
Shaykh. ‘Abdul-Muhsin al-Qasim
‘The condition of the one who relies on Allah is like the condition of the one who is given a pound by a King, then it gets stolen from him; so the King says to him: “I have many times as much as that, so don’t worry. When you come to me, I will give you much more than that from my treasures.”
Thus if this person knows the truthfulness of the king’s statement, and trusts him, and knows that his treasures are full of that, then what he missed will not make him sad.’ –
Imam ibn al Qayyim
Sa’eed bin Jubayr narrates: Ibn Abbas died while in At-Ta’if. I witnessed his funeral and then a bird came that I had never seen before.
The bird entered the burial site and we looked and waited to see if it would come out, but we didn’t see it come out of the hole. When Ibn Abbas was laid in the ground, we heard this verse being recited at the edge of his grave but we didn’t know who recited it:
يا أيتها النفس المطمئنة ارجعي إلى ربك راضية مرضية فادخلي في عبادي وادخلي جنتي
O satisfied soul, return to your Lord content and with pleasure. Enter among My servants. Enter among My garden.
Source: al-Mustadrak alaa al-Saheehayn #6312
Concerning the story of Musa, Allah ﷻ says,
“When he arrived at Midian’s waters, he found a group of men watering [their flocks], and beside them two women keeping their flocks back, so he said, ‘What is the matter with you two?’ They said, ‘We cannot water [our flocks] until the shepherds take their sheep away: our father is a very old man.’ He watered their flocks for them, withdrew into the shade, and prayed, ‘My Lord, I am in dire need of whatever good thing You may send me,’” [Qasas (28):23-24]
As a consequence of this small sincere action, Musa was given:
1) Safety: “‘Do not be afraid, you are safe now from people who do wrong.’” [Qasas (28):25]
2) Employment: “One of the women said, ‘Father, hire him: a strong, trustworthy man is the best to hire.’” [Qasas (28):26]
3) A spouse: “The father said, ‘I would like to marry you to one of these daughters of mine,’” [Qasas (28):27]
4) Messengership: “But when he reached it, a voice called out to him from the right-hand side of the valley, from a tree on the blessed ground: ‘Musa, I am Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.’” [Qasas (28):30]
~ Ustadh Alamgir Islam
Shaikh Ibn ‘Uthaimeen:
The first condition.
Sincerity to Allah.
The person is sincere in his du’a.
Knowing that Allah is All-capable to answer his du’a.
Expecting the response from Allah.
The person’s aware of his situation when supplicating.
That he’s in the most dire need, rather in the most dire necessity for Allah.
(Believing) that Allah’s the One who answers the call of the one in distress if he calls to Him and removes the evil.
As for supplicating to Allah and he feels he is independent of Allah, and that he’s not in necessity and he asks Him like this, a custom only, then this is not likely to be answered.
That he avoids consuming haraam.
For surely, haraam is a barrier between a person and the answer of du’a.
Source: Fatawa Noor ‘alaa al-Darb (no. 324)