The proofs regarding calamities being an expiation of sins are many, and when he is patient with them, he is rewarded for his patience.
This is because reward and recompense are only [granted] for a performed action, it being patience [in this case]. As for the calamity itself, this is from the actions of Allah, not from the actions of the slave. It is part of Allah’s repaying the slave for his sin and atoning his sin through it.
In al-Musnad, it was reported that they entered upon Abu ‘Ubayda (radiallahu anhu) during his sickness and informed him that he would be rewarded for his illness. He said, “I earn no reward or this… Rather, calamities are [a means of] forgiveness.” By that, he (may Allah be pleased with him) clarified that he would not be rewarded for the sickness itself, though it would expiate his sins.
[Majmu’ al-Fatawa: 30/361]
Allah made every act of worship performed in salaah/namaaz a means of atonement for the (minor) sins committed, and also rewarded them with a special light for praying. In fact, salaah brings forth
•light and strength into the heart,
•increases the share of one’s provision in this life,
•inspires others to love the one who prays, and
•lets Angels and also the earth with its mountains, trees and rivers rejoice..
On the day of Judgement, when the believing servants of Allah meet their Lord, their salaah shall turn into light and transform into reward.
(—• Ibn al Qayyim al Jawziyyah)
Sa’eed bin Jubayr narrates: Ibn Abbas died while in At-Ta’if. I witnessed his funeral and then a bird came that I had never seen before.
The bird entered the burial site and we looked and waited to see if it would come out, but we didn’t see it come out of the hole. When Ibn Abbas was laid in the ground, we heard this verse being recited at the edge of his grave but we didn’t know who recited it:
يا أيتها النفس المطمئنة ارجعي إلى ربك راضية مرضية فادخلي في عبادي وادخلي جنتي
O satisfied soul, return to your Lord content and with pleasure. Enter among My servants. Enter among My garden.
Source: al-Mustadrak alaa al-Saheehayn #6312
Concerning the story of Musa, Allah ﷻ says,
“When he arrived at Midian’s waters, he found a group of men watering [their flocks], and beside them two women keeping their flocks back, so he said, ‘What is the matter with you two?’ They said, ‘We cannot water [our flocks] until the shepherds take their sheep away: our father is a very old man.’ He watered their flocks for them, withdrew into the shade, and prayed, ‘My Lord, I am in dire need of whatever good thing You may send me,’” [Qasas (28):23-24]
As a consequence of this small sincere action, Musa was given:
1) Safety: “‘Do not be afraid, you are safe now from people who do wrong.’” [Qasas (28):25]
2) Employment: “One of the women said, ‘Father, hire him: a strong, trustworthy man is the best to hire.’” [Qasas (28):26]
3) A spouse: “The father said, ‘I would like to marry you to one of these daughters of mine,’” [Qasas (28):27]
4) Messengership: “But when he reached it, a voice called out to him from the right-hand side of the valley, from a tree on the blessed ground: ‘Musa, I am Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.’” [Qasas (28):30]
~ Ustadh Alamgir Islam
Whoever is mindful of Allah when he is young and strong, Allah will take care of him when he is old and has become weak, and will bless him with good hearing, eyesight, strength and reasoning. One of the scholars who lived beyond the age of a hundred years and enjoyed good strength and reasoning, jumped up in a lively manner one day and was asked about that. He said: “I kept these physical faculties from sin when I was young and Allah has preserved them for me now that I am old.”
[Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali in Jami’ al-‘Uloom wa’l-Hukam, 1/186]
اللّهم ارْزقنَا حفظَ الْقُرآن ، وبَركة الْقُرآن ، وسَكينة الْقُرآن ونُور الْقُرآن ، وَشِفَاء الْقُرآن ، وهِداية الْقُرآن ، وشفَاعة الْقُرآن
O Allah grant us the ability to memorise the Qur`an, the blessing of the Qur`an, the tranquility of the Qur`an, the light of the Qur`an, the healing of the Qur`an, the guidance of the Qur`an and the intercession of the Qur`an.
Ibn ‘Abbas narrated:
“While Jibril was with the Messenger of Allah, he heard a noise from above. Jibril lifted his sight to the sky and said: “This is a door in the Heavens being opened, and it has never been opened before now.” An Angel descended from that door and came to the Prophet and said: “Receive the glad tidings of two lights that you have been given, which no other Prophet before you was given: the Opening of the Book, and the last verses of ‘al-Baqarah.’ You will not read a letter of them except that you will gain its benefit.””
[‘Sahih at-Targhib wat-Tarhib’; # 1456]
“Verily, Allah Wrote a Book one thousand years before He Created the Heavens and the Earth; from this Book descended the last two verses of ‘al-Baqarah.’ These verses are not recited for three nights in any home except that no devil can come near it.”
[‘Sahih al-Jami”; # 1799]
Below are the last two verses of suratul Baqarah: (I have also included a transliteration for those whom are unable or have difficulty reading Arabic)
آمَنَ الرَّسُولُ بِمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْهِ مِن رَّبِّهِ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ ۚ كُلٌّ آمَنَ بِاللَّهِ وَمَلَائِكَتِهِ وَكُتُبِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ لَا نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِّن رُّسُلِهِ ۚ وَقَالُوا سَمِعْنَا وَأَطَعْنَا ۖ غُفْرَانَكَ رَبَّنَا وَإِلَيْكَ الْمَصِيرُ
Amana arrasoolu bimaonzila ilayhi min rabbihi walmu/minoona kullun amanabillahi wamala-ikatihi wakutubihiwarusulihi la nufarriqu bayna ahadin min rusulihiwaqaloo samiAAna waataAAna ghufranakarabbana wa-ilayka almaseer
The Messenger has believed in what was revealed to him from his Lord, and [so have] the believers. All of them have believed in Allah and His angels and His books and His messengers, [saying], “We make no distinction between any of His messengers.” And they say, “We hear and we obey. [We seek] Your forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the [final] destination.”
لَا يُكَلِّفُ اللَّهُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا ۚ لَهَا مَا كَسَبَتْ وَعَلَيْهَا مَا اكْتَسَبَتْ ۗ رَبَّنَا لَا تُؤَاخِذْنَا إِن نَّسِينَا أَوْ أَخْطَأْنَا ۚ رَبَّنَا وَلَا تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْنَا إِصْرًا كَمَا حَمَلْتَهُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِنَا ۚ رَبَّنَا وَلَا تُحَمِّلْنَا مَا لَا طَاقَةَ لَنَا بِهِ ۖ وَاعْفُ عَنَّا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا وَارْحَمْنَا ۚ أَنتَ مَوْلَانَا فَانصُرْنَا عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْكَافِرِينَ
La yukallifu Allahu nafsanilla wusAAaha laha ma kasabatwaAAalayha ma iktasabat rabbana latu-akhithna in naseena aw akhta/narabbana wala tahmil AAalayna isrankama hamaltahu AAala allatheena minqablina rabbana wala tuhammilnama la taqata lana bihi waAAfuAAanna waghfir lana warhamnaanta mawlana fansurna AAalaalqawmi alkafireen
Allah does not charge a soul except [with that within] its capacity. It will have [the consequence of] what [good] it has gained, and it will bear [the consequence of] what [evil] it has earned. “Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have forgotten or erred. Our Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that which You laid upon those before us. Our Lord, and burden us not with that which we have no ability to bear. And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy upon us. You are our protector, so give us victory over the disbelieving people.”
Filed under Classics, Qur`an
“Some scholars say this Surah (al-Fatihah) is the basis of how we should make du’a. Half of it comprises of His praise, and the other half comprises of our needs.”
Tafsir al-Qurtubi (p. 124)
لو قيل لك لم يبق من عمرك إلا يوم ، ما كنت صانعا ؟
Q: If you had one day remaining in your life, what would you do?
كنتُ أعلمُ الناس
Imam Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak: I would teach people.
Source: al-Madkhal by Imam al-Bayhaqee (380)